Thursday, October 21, 2010

Pereret Pengasih-asih From Indonesia

Indonesia is rich in various kinds of culture and art, here is an art / music equipment from the area of Bali. Anyone know Bali???????I'm sure some of us are familiar with this island. one of musical instruments from Bali are Pereret. 
Pereret is an ancient musical instrument like a trumpet made from wood that was formed in such a way as to be a trumpet. Compassionate - compassion is in order - in order (pellets), while the mate is worthy partner as husband or wife.
This instrument is a lot made in Jembrana district, Bali. Usually, this instrument used to accompany the art Sewo Gati. How to use this Pereret is by blowing the instrument so that the outgoing voice is very melodious and enchanting.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Rabab From Indonesia

Here This is the Instrument of West Sumatra, called "Rabab" is an art in Minangkabau Rabab played with his violin. With this Rabab someone musical talent can be channeled. Usually in this Rabab told many stories or known Nagari Kaba. Unfortunately at this time Rabab art is rarely found, but hopefully there is concern from the West Sumatran government to re-socialize these Rabab art.

Sunday, October 17, 2010

Kulintang From Indonesia

Another instrument that Indonesian culture is enriched Kolintang. Kolintang or kulintang is a typical musical instrument Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Kolintang made of local wood is light but strong like eggs, bandaran, executions, kakinik cempaka wood, and which has a parallel fiber construction.
Kolintang name comes from her voice: Tong (low tone), ting (high tone) and pliers (normal tone). In the local language, call "Let's do TONG TANG Ting" is: "Mangemo kumolintang". Call it eventually turned into a word kolintang.
Some well-known groups such as Kadoodan, Tamporok, Mawenang which already exist more than 35 tahun.Pembuat kolintang spread in Minahasa and on the island of Java, one of the makers of the famous Peter Kaseke kolintang

Friday, October 15, 2010

Angklung From West Java

Angklung is a traditional musical instrument from West Java, made of bamboo, which sounded shaken by (the sound caused by the clash of bodies bamboo pipes) so as to produce a sound that vibrates in the arrangement of tones 2, 3, and 4 tones in every size, large and small. Barrel (tone) musical instrument Angklung as Sundanese traditional music is mostly salendro and pelog. The voice and tone resulting from angklung very unique and melodious, once you hear the sound of this instrument will certainly addictive. Please visit Indonesia and discover the uniqueness of the instrument in Indonesia.

Nefiri From Riau Indonesia

"Nefiri" (The Trumpet) The trumpet is a traditional musical instrument which originated from Riau province on Sumatra island that looks similar to the trumpet. Riau's Malay community itself not only to develop a musical instrument like the trumpet, but also musical instruments such as cymbals, tetawak, improbable, kompang, harp, marwas, drums, tambourine, flute, fiddle, drum, gong, flute, harp, violin and accordion. Musical instruments above produces its own rhythms and melodies that are different from other musical instruments. We can see the game this instrument along with performances makyong which is a traditional art form that is still played and passed on in the province of Riau. Aside from being a musical instrument, the trumpet is also used as a communication tool malay community. Primarily to inform about the disaster, and news about the death.
The origins of the instrument is not so clear. If you look at the history of Riau province, since the first was occupied by the Malays during the Srivijaya kingdom. The Malays are occupying various places in Malacca. Assimilation that occurred between the Malay community with Padang tribe, Javanese, Minangkabau, Bugis, Banjar and Batak led to the emergence of a variety of cultures including the musical instruments. However, there is an opinion that this instrument originated from India because of similar musical instrument to play snake. There was also the opinion that this instrument originated from the Middle East region because of the similarity of names is naifr.
At the time of empires, the trumpet is one important tool to be used in the coronation ceremony the king than as a musical instrument in the palace. In the first Malay kingdom Nobat heirloom tools such as trumpet, drums, betel esar, and the emblem is a symbol of the country or so-called royal regelia which serve as the spiritual power and privilege along with the royal customs. Without these tools the coronation of a king can not be validated. There is a belief in ancient times when the spiritual force is corrupt it will be destroyed and fell down the dignity and worth of the nation. For the Kingdom of the Malay kingdom on the shoreline, an empire may be conquered, captured, and controlled by other parties. King or sultannya could have been displaced and fled to other countries or regions, seeking protection. But, if not deprived of Regelia Kingdom and not taken, while Regelia magic and it is still held sacred by the king, the country's sovereignty is still erect. Sultannya still have sovereignty, and he can establish a kingdom on the go, and made king anywhere. Because the tools were considered to have supernatural powers, not yet conquered. Therefore, anyone who holds and given the task of keeping Regelia, was a strong and mighty. A person who has powers far above the other powers, including sultannya own. Usually the person is an advisor to the king. In Kedah trumpets along with musical instruments other nobat kept in a place called Hall Nobat. Nobat Hall itself is a typical building with Islamic architecture. This can be seen with a dome on top. This building has been frequently renovated, especially in the era of Sultan of Kedah which is the 25th Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah that has occupied the throne from 1854 until 1879. Nobat derived from Persian word 'Naubat "which means nine instruments. Nobat is orchestral music that is used mainly for royal coronations of kings, nobles and welcome a special guest. The players called the People Nobat. Nobat also played together with other holy festivals such as death. There is a belief that originated nobat Indian tradition that is transmitted by the traders who was stopped in the straits of Malacca.
At first the kingdom era, trumpets are used as a tool to declare war against another kingdom. Also, the trumpets used to preach about the death of the king, the king lifted. This tool is also used to gather the people, for they soon came to the palace square to listen to news or announcements of their people. Therefore, the tool is used as a royal heirloom items.
In Malaysia, we also will find a musical instrument called a trumpet, although with a slightly different form. In the country this instrument can we meet to accompany folk songs and traditional ceremonies. We can see this instrument in the orchestra nobat in Malaysia. This instrument is also used for the coronation title of nobility. One of the people who never get an honorary degree in Riau is the sultan's Indigenous Hamengkubuwono X. When his coronation took place sound the trumpet along with other traditional instruments to accompany the event in front of Malay Adat Assembly refinement. The tools were used as markers diangaktanya someone as noble. Currently, the function becomes more reduced because the trumpet is used only on special occasions or royal celebrations conducted by the Malay community.
According to the confidence of the Malays of Riau, when playing this instrument of the players possessed by the gods, haunter, and fairies. So as if they convey a message of impending danger or other important events. Therefore, before blowing this instrument need dipusung is smoked over censer. The trumpet is blown with air flow uninterrupted for two or three hours. Trumpet player should people who have a long breath, healthy body, and has a special technique so as not to break tiupannya. Trumpets blown by hand right hand while his left hand holding the bottom.
Function and usability
1. Accompaniment of traditional dance, henna dance, dance dance Jinugroho and Olang. 2. As a major instrument in the music robat which is music played in society. 3. As a melody that is used to determine the movements of silat. 4. For the coronation of kings when Riau still shaped kingdoms and nobles. 5. Signs of the occurrence of wars, disasters, and death. 6. The instrument used as a spiritual marker to summon the gods, spirits, or ancestral spirits.

Bedug From Indonesia

Bedug (Indonesian) Drum is a percussion instrument like a drum but larger. Drum is a traditional musical instrument that has been used since thousands of years ago, which has a traditional function as a communication tool, both in religious ritual and political activities. In Indonesia, a regular drum is sounded for notification of times of prayer or worship. Drum made from a large piece of wood or palm trees along approximately one meter or more. The center of the rod-shaped hole so the big tube. The tip of a larger stem covered with animal skin that serves as a membrane or eardrum membrane. When the beat, drum heavy noise, pitched a typical, low, but can be heard even over long distances.

Bedug actually comes from India and China. According to legend Cheng Ho from China, as when Admiral Cheng Ho came to Hyderabad, they were welcomed by the King of Java at the time. Then, when Cheng Ho to go, and want to give gifts, the king of Hyderabad said that he only wanted to listen to drum sounds from the mosque. Since then, the drum then become part of the mosque, in countries such as China, Korea and Japan, which positioned the drum in the temples as a religious ritual communication tool. In Indonesia, a regular drum is sounded to notice and hold a time of prayer or worship. When New Order drum ruling ever issued from the mosque and the mosque because it contains elements of non-Islamic. Bedug replaced by loudspeakers. This was done by the Islamic modernists, but NU fought so until now can be seen there are still many who defend the mosque drum.

* Social Functions: drum serves as a means of communication or indication of society, ranging from worship, signified danger, until a marker of a community gathering.
* The function of aesthetics: bedug function in the development of the creative world, concepts, and culture of musical material.

How making a simple drum

At first, goat or cow skinned. Commonly made of animal skin as raw materials such as goat skin drum, cow, buffalo, and bison. White cowhide has a better quality compared with brown cowhide. Because, a white cow skin is thicker than the brown cowhide, so that the resulting sound will be different as well, durability is lower. Then, the skins are soaked in detergent water about 5-10 minutes. Do not be too long to prevent damage. Then, the skin is dried by means dipanteng (held) in order not to contract. Once dry, measured the diameter of wood that has been painted and will be made drum. Seteleh completion is measured, the skin was mounted on a wood stump wood was prepared. The process of unification with the timber made of animal skin with a nail and some rigging.

Games Bedug (Art Ngadulag)

Art ngadulag originated from West Java. Basically, the drum has the same function as described previously. However, the drum beat in each and every region has its differences with other regions, making it unique. Thus was born the term "Ngadulag" which refers to a drum beating skills. Now the skills of beating the drum has become an independent art form that is art Ngadulag (game drum). In areas Bojonglopang, Sukabumi, ngadulag art has become a competition to get the best drummers drum. The competition is divided into 2 categories, namely beauty and durability. The beauty of rhythm and rhythm prioritize drum beat, while the resistance prioritize durability or how long the strength of beating the drum beat. The competition was participated by men and women. From this game the art of beating the drum experienced growth. In the past, the art equipment consists of beating the drum only drum, kohkol, and trumpet. But now the equipment has also experienced growth. Besides those mentioned above, beating the drum now also equipped with musical instruments like guitars, keyboards, and cymbal.

The world's largest drum

The world's largest drum inside the Masjid Darul Muttaqien, Purworejo. This drum is a great work of making Muslims are commanded by the Duke of Tjokronagoro I, Regent Purworejo first. Java was made in 1762 or 1834 AD And named Kyai Begelan. The size or specification of this drum were: Length 292 cm, circumference 601 cm in front of, around the rear of 564 cm, diameter of the front of 194 cm, 180 cm diameter rear. The beat of the drum part is made from buffalo skin. Giant drum is designed as a "means of communication" to invite pilgrims to be heard as far as possible through the drum beat as a sign of times of prayer before the call to prayer echoed.

Friday, October 8, 2010


One of the many musical treasures INDONESIA Gamelan is one of them. Gamelan is a musical ensemble that usually highlight metallophone, xylophone, drums, and gongs. The term gamelan refers to the instrument / tool, which constitute an integral whole which is realized and sounded together. Gamelan word itself comes from the Javanese gamel which means hitting / beating, followed by a suffix that makes the noun. Gamelan orchestra mostly found in Java, Madura, Bali, and Lombok in Indonesia in various sizes and shapes ensemble. In Bali and Lombok today, and in Java through the 18th century, the term gong is considered synonymous with gamelan.
Occurrences gamelan preceded by Hindu-Buddhist culture that dominated Indonesia in the early days of recording history, which also represents the original Indonesian art. Instrument developed to shape up like this in the days of the Majapahit Kingdom. In contrast with Indian music, the only impact of the India-an in gamelan music is how menyanikannya. In Javanese mythology, the gamelan dicipatakan by Sang Hyang Guru in Saka Era, the god who controls all the land of Java, with palaces on the mountain Mahendra in Medangkamulan (now Mount Lawu). Sang Hyang Guru first created gong to summon the gods. For a more specific message and then create two gongs, and eventually formed set of gamelan. [Citation needed]
The description of the first ensemble of musical instruments discovered at the Borobudur Temple, Magelang, Central Java, which has stood since the 8th century. Musical instruments such as bamboo flutes, bells, kendhang in various sizes, harp, stringed musical instrument that swiped and learned, is found in the relief. However, little is found elements of metal musical instruments. However, relief of the instrument is said to be the origin of the gamelan.
Gamelan orchestra tuning and making is a complex process. Gamelan tuning using four ways, namely slendro, pelog, "Degung" (special area of Sunda, or West Java), and "madenda" (also known as the diatonic, the same as the original minor scale that is widely used in Europe.
Gamelan music is a combination of foreign artistic influence that diverse. Linkages to note the tone of the Chinese, the musical instruments of Southeast Asia, drum band and move to music from India, bowed strings from the Middle East region, Europe and even the military style that we hear the traditional music of Java and Bali today.
The interaction component is loaded with melody, rhythm and sound color to maintain the glory of the Balinese gamelan orchestra music. The pillars of this music brings together a variety of Balinese rural community character that became the order of the typical music that is an inseparable part of everyday life.


Diversity of musical instruments in Indonesia is very much one of them is angklung, Angklung is a traditional musical instrument from West Java, made of bamboo, which sounded shaken by (the sound caused by the clash of bodies bamboo pipes) so as to produce a sound that vibrates in the composition of second tone , 3, and 4 tones in every size, large or small. Barrel (tone) musical instrument Angklung as Sundanese traditional music is mostly salendro and pelog. The resulting tone and rhythm is very special and give the feel of its own to anyone who heard it.


Indonesia is rich in cultural treasures which includes a variety of musical instruments and a wide variety of local arts. one of them is BEREGUH.
Bereguh is the instrument / wind instrument traditionally made from buffalo horn. This instrument is generally not used for playing music, but used as a means of communication between two or more persons who are located far apart, usually in the forest. With the blow, another group can estimate the existence and distance of people who blow the instrument. How to use bereguh order to produce sound is by blowing on the tip of the instrument is tapered and curved, but the range of tones that can be produced by musical instruments are generally limited and depends strongly on the techniques used in the play blower.

Bereguh is a traditional musical instrument native Acehnese. Use of these instruments are spread throughout the region of Aceh, especially in Aceh Besar, Pidie, North Aceh. In the past, these instruments are generally used as the equipment used in hunting. Although not directly used for hunting, bereguh is a medium that is used to communicate between fellow hunter, or to ask for help when lost in the woods.