Saturday, December 25, 2010

Kujang From Indonesia

Directions to the west of Java we will see weapons daera tardisonal the unit from western Java in the KUJANG. Kujang began to be made around the 8th century or  9, made of iron, steel and prestige material, length approximately 20 to 25 cm and weighs about 300 grams.

Kujang is a tool that reflects the critical acumen and power in life also symbolizes strength and courage to protect the rights and truth. Is characteristic, both as weapons, farm tools, symbol, decoration, or souvenirs.

In ancient times this tool is only used by certain groups (the nobility), namely the king, King anom, class pangiwa, panengen, clerical group, the princess and certain women's groups, and the kokolot.

In Discourse and Culture Khasanah Nusantara, Kujang society is recognized as a traditional weapon of West Java (Sunda) and Kujangknown a weapon that has a sacred value and to have magical powers . Some researchers claim that the term comes from the word Kujang Kudihyang with root words and Hyang Kudi. Kujang (also) comes from the word Ujang, which means human or Manusa. Humans are powerful as King Siliwangi. The perfect human being before God and have a high degree Ma'rifat. No wonder ageman (religion) became icons Kujang King Siliwangi. As the King is not invincible.

Thursday, December 23, 2010

Mandau From Kalimantan

From the island of Borneo we can see the natural beauty that is very enticing and spoil the eye, besides having a variety of tourist places kalimantan also have the traditional weapons of "saber". Saber is a sharp weapon like a machete comes from Kalimantan Dayak culture. Saber is one of Indonesia's traditional weapons. Unlike charcoal, saber has a carving - carving on the blade is not sharp. Often also found additional holes in the blade is covered with a brass or copper with a view to beautify the saber blades.Kumpang
Kumpang is sarong saber blades. Kumpang made of wood, covered with deer antlers, and usually decorated with carvings. In kumpang saber given tempuser Act, namely made of woven ties uei (rattan). Also on kumpang also bound sort of leather bag containing the knife penyerut wood and ivory wood are believed to resist the beast. Saber is tersarungkan in kumpang usually tied around the waist with braided rattan.Threshold
Threshold is the designation for the saber made of ordinary steel. Often used as a souvenir. Lay people or people who are not accustomed to seeing or even holding the saber will be difficult to distinguish between saber with a threshold because when viewed by naked eye are both almost the same. However, both are very different. But if we look in more detail it will show very striking differences, namely the saber are carved or inlaid with gold, copper, or silver and saber more powerful and flexible, because the saber made of volcanic rock that contains iron and processed by an expert. While the threshold is only made of ordinary steel.Raw materials and price
According to the literature of one of the museum, raw materials are iron saber (sanaman) mantikei contained in Matikei River, tumbles Atei Village, District Sanaman Matikei, Samba, East Kotawaringin. This iron is flexible, so easy to be bent. Saber original price starts from Rp. 1 million dollars. Saber-old native old and has a robust metal prices could reach Rp. 20 million rupiah per bar. The raw materials used to manufacture saber can also use iron per car, chainsaw blades, discs other vehicles and iron rods. Working tool that is used primarily is a hammer, betel, and pointed to pierce the iron sebasang saber for garnish. Also used electric-powered air blower to illuminate the flame ironwood waste uses to heat the iron. Ironwood was chosen because it can generate more heat than other wood.
Saber to cideramata usually wooden-handled, prices range from Rp. 50,000 to Rp. 300 000 depending on the iron used. Saber has the original buffer, buffer is a collection of science-Dayak collection obtained from the results of an ascetic or instructions lelulur used for war. Buffer will make people who hold the saber powerful, strong and invulnerable in the face of the enemy. saber and the buffer is a unity that can not be separated out for generations of ancestors.

Carok From Madura

One of the customs of the region is carok Madura, related to the previous post about sickle (Traditional Weapons Madura). Carok is a tradition of murder due to certain reasons associated with self-esteem and then followed by inter-group or inter-clan with using a weapon (usually celurit). There are no official regulations in this fight because carok an act that is considered negative and the criminal and illegal. This is how the Madurese in maintaining self-esteem and "out "of problems that complicated.

Usually, "carok" is the last way that the travel by the Madurese community in solving a problem. Carok usually happens when it comes to issues involving honor / pride for the people of Madura (largely due to infidelity and dignity / honor the family)

Many consider carok is a heinous act and contrary to religious teachings Madurese own though steeped in Islamic religion in general but, individually, many still hold the tradition carok.

The word itself comes from carok Madurese language which means 'fight with honor'.

Clurit From Madura

By the way we came to Madura, in addition to its delicious satay madura also exist in the traditional weapons that are well known everywhere. Sickle, celurit or Crescent is a farming tool in the form of a curved blade resembling a crescent moon. Despite having the same shape; in sickle language tends to be agricultural equipment, while the sickle is referring to the sharp weapon.
Sickle is also a typical weapon of the Madurese, Indonesia and is commonly used as a weapon carok. This weapon is legendary as a weapon commonly used by a character named Sakera. Madurese community will "fill" with khodam celurit prayer by reading prayers before doing carok.

Monday, December 20, 2010

Rencong Aceh

One of the Indonesian traditional weapon is Rencong, Rencong (Bahasa Aceh: reuncong) is a traditional Acehnese dagger sharp weapons, on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia shaped like the letter "L". Rencong including a dagger in a different category with a knife or sword. This is a weapon Rencong natural pride and join the people of Aceh to participate in the colonization resistance in Aceh.

Rencong similar way as with a dagger. Rencong long blade can vary from 10 cm to 50 cm. Matau blade can be curved like a dagger, but in many rencong, can also be straight like a sword. Rencong inserted into the sheath knife made of wood, ivory, horn, or sometimes silver or gold metal. In nature, rencong inserted between the belt in front of the user's abdomen.

Dagger rencong kingdom, made of gold and ivory sheath with a blade carved verses of the Koran.

Rencong have levels; to the king or sultan sheath usually made of ivory and the blade of gold and berukirkan sekutip verses from the Koran the holy religion of Islam. While other rencong rencong-usually made of buffalo horn or wood as a sheath, and brass or white metal as a dagger.

As confidence in the Javanese kris, traditional Acehnese community connects with the mystical power of weapons Rencong. Rencong still used and worn as a fashion attribute in the traditional ceremonies of Aceh. The Acehnese people believe that the form of rencong represent symbols of basmalah of Islamic religious beliefs.

Rencong so popular in the people of Aceh so that Aceh is also known as the "Land of Rencong".


Indonesian nation's wealth of cultural treasures can not be separated from the influence of foreign cultures that can fit with the culture in Indonesia, one of the contributions of these cultures is Tekpi. Tekpi is a weapon that is widely known in the Malay martial art but is not a real weapon of Malay culture. Because that's actually very difficult to find tekpi in Malay heritage museum.

This weapon sai weapon similar to the Japanese culture. These weapons allegedly developed by Chinese settlers hundreds of years ago. Own characteristics different from most typical Malay weapon.

Tekpi most likely derived from the Chinese region, but the fighters Malay in Malaysia, Indonesia, and adept at using tekpi archipelago whose use is different from the sai in karate. In the Chinese martial art of self tekpi almost was not found. Tekpi also not found in the numbers Wushu. Chinese martial arts film also never displays tekpi or sai.

Tekpi is a weapon that is widely used in many Malay silat martial arts match. For example whacky positioning Malaysia as a weapon tekpi second choice after the kris, or Kuntau Tekpi using tekpi as the main weapon.

Silat type kuntau almost similar to the movements hard and effectively in Kuntao China (China). This is a natural thing due to the influence of Chinese civilization is very large in Southeast Asia.

Piso Surit From Indonesia

Well .... now we are talking about a wide range of traditional weapons from Indonesia, one of which is PisoSurit. Piso in karo language actually means a knife and a lot of people thought that Piso Surit is the name of karo typical kind of knife. Actually Piso Surit is the name of a type of bird who likes to sing. Birdsong is heard carefully if it seems someone is calling and sounded very sad.

Piso Surit dance is dance that portrays a girl who was waiting for the arrival of her lover. The waiting is very long and sad and depicted as a bird Surit Piso who was calling.

Created By Song Piso Surit Depari keepers of one community leader as well karo national composer in the old order.

Thursday, October 21, 2010

Pereret Pengasih-asih From Indonesia

Indonesia is rich in various kinds of culture and art, here is an art / music equipment from the area of Bali. Anyone know Bali???????I'm sure some of us are familiar with this island. one of musical instruments from Bali are Pereret. 
Pereret is an ancient musical instrument like a trumpet made from wood that was formed in such a way as to be a trumpet. Compassionate - compassion is in order - in order (pellets), while the mate is worthy partner as husband or wife.
This instrument is a lot made in Jembrana district, Bali. Usually, this instrument used to accompany the art Sewo Gati. How to use this Pereret is by blowing the instrument so that the outgoing voice is very melodious and enchanting.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Rabab From Indonesia

Here This is the Instrument of West Sumatra, called "Rabab" is an art in Minangkabau Rabab played with his violin. With this Rabab someone musical talent can be channeled. Usually in this Rabab told many stories or known Nagari Kaba. Unfortunately at this time Rabab art is rarely found, but hopefully there is concern from the West Sumatran government to re-socialize these Rabab art.

Sunday, October 17, 2010

Kulintang From Indonesia

Another instrument that Indonesian culture is enriched Kolintang. Kolintang or kulintang is a typical musical instrument Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Kolintang made of local wood is light but strong like eggs, bandaran, executions, kakinik cempaka wood, and which has a parallel fiber construction.
Kolintang name comes from her voice: Tong (low tone), ting (high tone) and pliers (normal tone). In the local language, call "Let's do TONG TANG Ting" is: "Mangemo kumolintang". Call it eventually turned into a word kolintang.
Some well-known groups such as Kadoodan, Tamporok, Mawenang which already exist more than 35 tahun.Pembuat kolintang spread in Minahasa and on the island of Java, one of the makers of the famous Peter Kaseke kolintang

Friday, October 15, 2010

Angklung From West Java

Angklung is a traditional musical instrument from West Java, made of bamboo, which sounded shaken by (the sound caused by the clash of bodies bamboo pipes) so as to produce a sound that vibrates in the arrangement of tones 2, 3, and 4 tones in every size, large and small. Barrel (tone) musical instrument Angklung as Sundanese traditional music is mostly salendro and pelog. The voice and tone resulting from angklung very unique and melodious, once you hear the sound of this instrument will certainly addictive. Please visit Indonesia and discover the uniqueness of the instrument in Indonesia.

Nefiri From Riau Indonesia

"Nefiri" (The Trumpet) The trumpet is a traditional musical instrument which originated from Riau province on Sumatra island that looks similar to the trumpet. Riau's Malay community itself not only to develop a musical instrument like the trumpet, but also musical instruments such as cymbals, tetawak, improbable, kompang, harp, marwas, drums, tambourine, flute, fiddle, drum, gong, flute, harp, violin and accordion. Musical instruments above produces its own rhythms and melodies that are different from other musical instruments. We can see the game this instrument along with performances makyong which is a traditional art form that is still played and passed on in the province of Riau. Aside from being a musical instrument, the trumpet is also used as a communication tool malay community. Primarily to inform about the disaster, and news about the death.
The origins of the instrument is not so clear. If you look at the history of Riau province, since the first was occupied by the Malays during the Srivijaya kingdom. The Malays are occupying various places in Malacca. Assimilation that occurred between the Malay community with Padang tribe, Javanese, Minangkabau, Bugis, Banjar and Batak led to the emergence of a variety of cultures including the musical instruments. However, there is an opinion that this instrument originated from India because of similar musical instrument to play snake. There was also the opinion that this instrument originated from the Middle East region because of the similarity of names is naifr.
At the time of empires, the trumpet is one important tool to be used in the coronation ceremony the king than as a musical instrument in the palace. In the first Malay kingdom Nobat heirloom tools such as trumpet, drums, betel esar, and the emblem is a symbol of the country or so-called royal regelia which serve as the spiritual power and privilege along with the royal customs. Without these tools the coronation of a king can not be validated. There is a belief in ancient times when the spiritual force is corrupt it will be destroyed and fell down the dignity and worth of the nation. For the Kingdom of the Malay kingdom on the shoreline, an empire may be conquered, captured, and controlled by other parties. King or sultannya could have been displaced and fled to other countries or regions, seeking protection. But, if not deprived of Regelia Kingdom and not taken, while Regelia magic and it is still held sacred by the king, the country's sovereignty is still erect. Sultannya still have sovereignty, and he can establish a kingdom on the go, and made king anywhere. Because the tools were considered to have supernatural powers, not yet conquered. Therefore, anyone who holds and given the task of keeping Regelia, was a strong and mighty. A person who has powers far above the other powers, including sultannya own. Usually the person is an advisor to the king. In Kedah trumpets along with musical instruments other nobat kept in a place called Hall Nobat. Nobat Hall itself is a typical building with Islamic architecture. This can be seen with a dome on top. This building has been frequently renovated, especially in the era of Sultan of Kedah which is the 25th Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah that has occupied the throne from 1854 until 1879. Nobat derived from Persian word 'Naubat "which means nine instruments. Nobat is orchestral music that is used mainly for royal coronations of kings, nobles and welcome a special guest. The players called the People Nobat. Nobat also played together with other holy festivals such as death. There is a belief that originated nobat Indian tradition that is transmitted by the traders who was stopped in the straits of Malacca.
At first the kingdom era, trumpets are used as a tool to declare war against another kingdom. Also, the trumpets used to preach about the death of the king, the king lifted. This tool is also used to gather the people, for they soon came to the palace square to listen to news or announcements of their people. Therefore, the tool is used as a royal heirloom items.
In Malaysia, we also will find a musical instrument called a trumpet, although with a slightly different form. In the country this instrument can we meet to accompany folk songs and traditional ceremonies. We can see this instrument in the orchestra nobat in Malaysia. This instrument is also used for the coronation title of nobility. One of the people who never get an honorary degree in Riau is the sultan's Indigenous Hamengkubuwono X. When his coronation took place sound the trumpet along with other traditional instruments to accompany the event in front of Malay Adat Assembly refinement. The tools were used as markers diangaktanya someone as noble. Currently, the function becomes more reduced because the trumpet is used only on special occasions or royal celebrations conducted by the Malay community.
According to the confidence of the Malays of Riau, when playing this instrument of the players possessed by the gods, haunter, and fairies. So as if they convey a message of impending danger or other important events. Therefore, before blowing this instrument need dipusung is smoked over censer. The trumpet is blown with air flow uninterrupted for two or three hours. Trumpet player should people who have a long breath, healthy body, and has a special technique so as not to break tiupannya. Trumpets blown by hand right hand while his left hand holding the bottom.
Function and usability
1. Accompaniment of traditional dance, henna dance, dance dance Jinugroho and Olang. 2. As a major instrument in the music robat which is music played in society. 3. As a melody that is used to determine the movements of silat. 4. For the coronation of kings when Riau still shaped kingdoms and nobles. 5. Signs of the occurrence of wars, disasters, and death. 6. The instrument used as a spiritual marker to summon the gods, spirits, or ancestral spirits.

Bedug From Indonesia

Bedug (Indonesian) Drum is a percussion instrument like a drum but larger. Drum is a traditional musical instrument that has been used since thousands of years ago, which has a traditional function as a communication tool, both in religious ritual and political activities. In Indonesia, a regular drum is sounded for notification of times of prayer or worship. Drum made from a large piece of wood or palm trees along approximately one meter or more. The center of the rod-shaped hole so the big tube. The tip of a larger stem covered with animal skin that serves as a membrane or eardrum membrane. When the beat, drum heavy noise, pitched a typical, low, but can be heard even over long distances.

Bedug actually comes from India and China. According to legend Cheng Ho from China, as when Admiral Cheng Ho came to Hyderabad, they were welcomed by the King of Java at the time. Then, when Cheng Ho to go, and want to give gifts, the king of Hyderabad said that he only wanted to listen to drum sounds from the mosque. Since then, the drum then become part of the mosque, in countries such as China, Korea and Japan, which positioned the drum in the temples as a religious ritual communication tool. In Indonesia, a regular drum is sounded to notice and hold a time of prayer or worship. When New Order drum ruling ever issued from the mosque and the mosque because it contains elements of non-Islamic. Bedug replaced by loudspeakers. This was done by the Islamic modernists, but NU fought so until now can be seen there are still many who defend the mosque drum.

* Social Functions: drum serves as a means of communication or indication of society, ranging from worship, signified danger, until a marker of a community gathering.
* The function of aesthetics: bedug function in the development of the creative world, concepts, and culture of musical material.

How making a simple drum

At first, goat or cow skinned. Commonly made of animal skin as raw materials such as goat skin drum, cow, buffalo, and bison. White cowhide has a better quality compared with brown cowhide. Because, a white cow skin is thicker than the brown cowhide, so that the resulting sound will be different as well, durability is lower. Then, the skins are soaked in detergent water about 5-10 minutes. Do not be too long to prevent damage. Then, the skin is dried by means dipanteng (held) in order not to contract. Once dry, measured the diameter of wood that has been painted and will be made drum. Seteleh completion is measured, the skin was mounted on a wood stump wood was prepared. The process of unification with the timber made of animal skin with a nail and some rigging.

Games Bedug (Art Ngadulag)

Art ngadulag originated from West Java. Basically, the drum has the same function as described previously. However, the drum beat in each and every region has its differences with other regions, making it unique. Thus was born the term "Ngadulag" which refers to a drum beating skills. Now the skills of beating the drum has become an independent art form that is art Ngadulag (game drum). In areas Bojonglopang, Sukabumi, ngadulag art has become a competition to get the best drummers drum. The competition is divided into 2 categories, namely beauty and durability. The beauty of rhythm and rhythm prioritize drum beat, while the resistance prioritize durability or how long the strength of beating the drum beat. The competition was participated by men and women. From this game the art of beating the drum experienced growth. In the past, the art equipment consists of beating the drum only drum, kohkol, and trumpet. But now the equipment has also experienced growth. Besides those mentioned above, beating the drum now also equipped with musical instruments like guitars, keyboards, and cymbal.

The world's largest drum

The world's largest drum inside the Masjid Darul Muttaqien, Purworejo. This drum is a great work of making Muslims are commanded by the Duke of Tjokronagoro I, Regent Purworejo first. Java was made in 1762 or 1834 AD And named Kyai Begelan. The size or specification of this drum were: Length 292 cm, circumference 601 cm in front of, around the rear of 564 cm, diameter of the front of 194 cm, 180 cm diameter rear. The beat of the drum part is made from buffalo skin. Giant drum is designed as a "means of communication" to invite pilgrims to be heard as far as possible through the drum beat as a sign of times of prayer before the call to prayer echoed.